General Resource Web Links

by Len Bruton

Eric Weinstein's World of Science <> from Wolfram Research is an excellent starting point for investigating Scientific Biographies, Physics, Astronomy, Chemistry and Mathematics.

Johnson, George (2002) "Here They Are, Science's 10 Most Beautiful Experiments,"
New York Times, September 24, 2002 can be found at <

Internet History of Science Sourcebook, Fordham University
Excellent beginning source of time-line and developments. Famous scientists'
biographies available. Good detail, good-quality links to other sources.

Chronology from 30,000BC to 500BC. St. Andrew's University, Scotland, U.K.

Also see Full Mathematical Chronology, St. Andrew's University, Scotland, U.K. -- includes links to all major mathematicians

Full index of Mathematical History Topics, St. Andrew's University, Scotland, U.K.

First-rate history of science site at Washington State University, Pullman. Great for library research.

Here are MacTutor's 100 most popular bibliographies -- extremely useful! From St. Andrew's University, Scotland, U.K. <>

The Museum of the History of Science, Oxford University <> has on-line exhibits, an image library and many useful links. Parts of this site remain under construction, but the
overall quality is still very good

The University of Delaware Library <> provides a History of Science and Technology and A Guide to Internet Resources. This site is very comprehensive and somewhat useuful.

The Alan Turing homepage -- humanistic, good leads to other sources in this field of computing
<>; also see [1], [2], [3], and Kurt G ödel [4], [5]. <> includes thousands of sorted links to philosophy resources on the internet and has several additional features. See especially: GEMSArchive.

The History of the Royal Society of London. St. Andrew's University, Scotland, U.K. Exceptionally useful. <>

The Copernicus Frombork Musuem in Poland, "Nicolai Copernici Musaeum Fromborcense". Beyond the focus on Copernicus, the Museum is worth exploring.

The Inquisition. Excellent summary of this period in religious and scientific history. Rice University.

Important Astronomers, their Instruments and Discoveries, from ~1500 BC to the early 1800s. University of Arizona <>. Note this is the first of three sequential web pages.

Ten Definitions of Innovation, prepared by Debra M. Amidon, ENTOVATION® International, listed in Collaborative Innovation and the Knowledge Economy (1998). <>

ScienceTimeLine.Org -- from 1000AD to 2000AD. Interesting details on milestones over a period of 1000 years; a reasonably good overview of highlights throughout this period.

Each part of the timeline covers a different period. Between 1000 and 1600 these periods span 100 years. The years 1600 to 1900 are broken into periods of 50 years, while the 20th century is covered in four blocks of 25 years each.

At the top of the page for each time period is some text which has the heading "Setting the scene" and which has a yellow background. This part of the page provides some general information about the ideas and event of the time.

Underneath the scene-setting text is a section with the heading "The science", which has a green background. This part of the page provides details of important scientific ideas, people, events and inventions of the period.


Go to the Faculty of Sciences, Central University of Venezuela <> for a good selection of high-quality biographies of humankind's most famous mathematicians.

Here's a good website for physicists' biographies at the University of Cambridge in the UK, and another website entitled "Science Through the Centuries" with a clickable timeline for the major physicists who have done their life's work at Cambridge.

If you would like to find further information about nuclear weapons and many related issues, plus biographies of all the scientists involved in the Manhatten project, visit The Nuclear Files <>.

Bienvenidos a Galapagos! <> courtesy Melissa Binde (

The Glass Bead Game (Das Glasperlenspiel)
<>, a wonderful assortment of biographies in science.

Here is the official biography of Stuart Kauffman posted at the Santa fe Institute. Here's what he is up to now -- the application of compexity theory to business and finance.

We seek empirical evidence for cosmological events that are of interest -- and here's a great example that tends to confirm the theory of our ever-expanding universe: the most distant receding supernova ever seen <>

The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of Guelph provides a very useful and very basic three-part overview of the Development of Mechanics. We start with the classic tour, from Descartes, through Newton, Leibniz and Faraday, to "the peak of classical physics". We then proceed to the tour of experimental observations that advanced the formation of quantum theory. The third part of the overview, "Quantum Theory Comes of Age," takes us from Neils Bohr through Werner Heisenberg to Paul Dirac. Lacking any great detail, this overview remains useful. The mathematical basics for quantum theory at this site is very clearly presented.

From the Chemical Heritage Association, the Chemical Achievers web site has exceptional value and deserves exploration.

If you have introductory-level science questions, ScienceNet from the U.K. can be very helpful.

If you have an interest in the future of science, technology and public policy, here's a useful page from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). <,,EN-document-18-nodirectorate-no-13-35022-18,00.html>

The home page of the American Institute for Physics provides many useful background links.

Cosmic questions and controversy? Here is the Counterbalance Meta Library, a shared collection of topics, definitions, audio and video clips which cover the constructive interaction of science, ethics, philosophy and religion.

The National Library of Medicine Audiovisual Program Development Branch has an interesting site introducing AV techniques to examine such things as the Visible Human and Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature <>.

A useful page on some basic laws of chemistry <> from Davidson College, N.C.

The impact of science on society: three famous folks' bios, speeches, questions and answers.

Looking for information about famous inventors and inventions? This excellent site provides great links, biographies and information for the invention-hungry!!


Xrefer, the web's reference engine.

Adobe Acrobat Viewer download page.

Ghostscript, Ghostview and GSview download page.

Shockwave info page and links to downloads.

back to the U of Calgary home page